Stroke survivors experience muscular pattern alterations of the upper limb that decrease their ability to perform daily-living activities. The Box and Block test (BBT) is widely used to assess the unilateral manual dexterity. Although BBT provides insights into functional performance, it returns limited information about the mechanisms contributing to the impaired movement. This study aims at exploring the BBT by means of muscle synergies analysis during the execution of BBT in a sample of 12 healthy participants with their dominant and non-dominant upper limb. Results revealed that: (i) the BBT can be described by 1 or 2 synergies; the number of synergies (ii) does not differ between dominant and non-dominant sides and (iii) varies considering each phase of the task; (iv) the transfer phase requires more synergies. Clinical Relevance— This preliminary study characterizes muscular synergies during the BBT task in order to establish normative patterns that could assist in understanding the neuromuscular demands and support future evaluations of stroke deficits
2022, 2022 44th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC), Pages 5124-5127
Distinctive physiological muscle synergy patterns define the Box and Block Task execution as revealed by electromyographic features (04b Atto di convegno in volume)
Colamarino E., de Seta V., Toppi J., Pichiorri F., Conforti I., Mileti I., Palermo E., Mattia D., Cincotti F.