Background. In order to help physicians and radiologists in diagnosing pneumonia, deep learning and other artificial intelligence methods have been described in several researches to solve this task. The main objective of the present study is to build a stacked hierarchical model by combining several models in order to increase the procedure accuracy. Methods. Firstly, the best convolutional network in terms of accuracy were evaluated and described. Later, a stacked hierarchical model was built by using the most relevant features extracted by the selected two models. Finally, over the stacked model with the best accuracy, a hierarchically dependent second stage model for inner-classification was built in order to detect both inflammation of the pulmonary alveolar space (lobar pneumonia) and interstitial tissue involvement (interstitial pneumonia). Results. The study shows how the adopted staked model lead to a higher accuracy. Having a high accuracy on pneumonia detection and classification can be a paramount asset to treat patients in real health-care environments. Conclusions. Despite some limits, our findings support the notion that deep learning methods can be used to simplify the diagnostic process and improve disease management.
2021, ANNALI DI IGIENE MEDICINA PREVENTIVA E DI COMUNITÀ, Pages 644-655 (volume: 33)
Hierarchical convolutional models for automatic pneumonia diagnosis based on X-ray images: new strategies in public health (01a Articolo in rivista)
Maselli Gianluca, Bertamino Enrico, Capalbo Carlo, Mancini Rita, Orsi Giovanni Battista, Napoli Christian, Napoli Christian
Gruppo di ricerca: Artificial Intelligence and Robotics